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What is narcolepsy?
Do you feel excessive sleepiness during the daytime? Do you get sleepy easily in a calm environment at any time of the day? If the answer to these questions is yes then you may be suffering from hypersomnia and the most common cause of this condition is narcolepsy.
Narcolepsy is the most common neurological disorder that disrupts sleep/wake pattern leading to hypersomnia.
We will examine what causes narcolepsy and how to cure it.
Narcolepsy is defined by ICSD as irresistible urges to sleep occurring on a daily basis for at least three months with the following laboratory findings present…
The DSM criteria for narcolepsy includes:
Narcolepsy may be associated with cataplexy. This is defined as a transient loss of muscle tone that occurs suddenly in response to strong emotion. That is, during sleep, a paralysis-like condition may occur.
Your narcolepsy may be one of three types.
1.Narcolepsy with cataplexy
This is the most frequent neurological cause of hypersomnia. The classic tetrad of symptoms (described later) is seen in this type of patient
2. Narcolepsy without cataplexy
The occurrence of EDS (excessive daytime sleepiness) and irresistible episodes of sleep without associated cataplexy. Other features may also be present, eg automatic behavior, hypnic hallucinations or sleep paralysis. Nocturnal sleep is usually less disturbed than in narcolepsy with cataplexy
3. Narcolepsy due to a medical condition
A consistent chronological link with the presumed underlying causative medical condition is found
To understand narcolepsy, you need to have some idea about normal sleep cycles. Human sleep pattern cycles through two stages: REM (rapid eye movement) sleep and non-REM sleep. When you fall asleep, sleep is light and gradually become deeper. Both light and deep stages are part of non-REM sleep. The first stage of REM sleep comes after 90 minutes of sleeping. This is the dreaming portion. With narcolepsy, the REM pattern of sleep starts immediately after sleeping and even occurs randomly in the daytime. This means that the normal sleep/wake pattern is disrupted.
The exact mechanism is not clear but there are some known causes. Narcolepsy with cataplexy is linked to a loss of hypothalamic neurons that contain hypocretin. An underlying autoimmune process may lead to the elimination of the hypocretin cells. Several studies show that narcolepsy with cataplexy is associated with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) subtypes DR2/DRB1*1501 and DQB1*0602. First-degree relatives of patients with these subtypes have a 10- to 40-fold increased risk for narcolepsy with cataplexy
The classical ‘tetrad’ of symptoms are helpful for diagnosis but suffered by only a minority of patients with narcolepsy.
These are: 1) excessive sleepiness; 2) cataplexy; 3) sleep paralysis; 4) hypnagogic hallucinations.
Narcolepsy may impact seriously on your education, work, relationships, ability to drive or recreational activities and can have negative effects on self-esteem and mood.
There are, fortunately, effective treatments available for narcolepsy.
Be aware that these drugs are not for over the counter use. Consult your doctor and he will choose the best suitable drug for you.
Besides drug treatment, some behavioral treatments are also worthwhile. The following advice may be helpful for you:
Establish good sleep habits for narcolepsy:
A boring, inactive period will make anyone sleepy. It is more harmful when you have narcolepsy. Try to keep yourself busy. Do some interesting work in your leisure time
Control your diet:
A heavy meal stimulates sleep. When you have narcolepsy, this may also provoke cataplexy. Try to keep you meal size smaller. You may increase your frequency of eating to compensate.
Get help from your family:
If your cataplexy is related to specific stimulations like laughing, joking or crying, try to avoid these situations. Discuss with your friends and family.
Remember that for any neurological disorder the success of treatment depends mostly on the patient. The doctor can only prescribe you but cure depends on your compliance to treatment.
So, try to follow any prescriptions and advice. Most importantly, establish good sleeping habits.
Have a nice sleep!
Sleep apnea has become a global concern these days.
There are numerous reasons behind that and researchers are constantly revealing new things about this sleeping disorder.
This article will help you by showing 25 key ways to enjoy a better sleep in the night.
You will also get a short explanation to learn how it works.
Reading on and learn to work with sleeping disorders effectively…
Here is a list of 25 top tips which can help everyone to sleep better…
1. Try to be mindful
Be mindful as much you can. You can talk with others to become mindful
2. Allow thoughts & emotions to play
Never restrict your emotions and allow them to pervade you gradually
3. Lead a life
Don’t be bored. Try to lead a healthy, structured life
4. Be punctual
Punctuality promotes a good sleeping routine
5. Don’t fight with your sleep
If you find it difficult to sleep on a particular night, relax rather than fighting against it
6. Make your own heaven
Try to develop a good environment around you in the bedroom
7. Get a good pillow
Pillows are really very important. Get a comfortable pillow, neither too hard nor too soft
8. Think twice before purchasing your bed
Beds also play a crucial role in sleeping. Try to buy a large bed where you have enough space to roll over
9. Assess your sleeping posture
Try to figure out your sleeping posture by enlisting the help of others. It can help you to discuss the issue meaningfully with your doctor
10. Consider snooze foods to eat
Snooze foods are always considered as a good option for patients those suffer from sleeping disorders. So try to have some on hand
11. Keep your PC away from sleep
Don’t pass too much times on your computer and keep it away from you while trying to sleep
12. Use blue lights inside of your bedroom
You can use dim blue lights in your bedroom to create a pleasant, relaxed environment
13. Try to realize your circadian rhythm
Not everyone can sleep at a fixed time. So try to understand which particular time suits you best
14. Adapt with working hours better
Work in working hours with more focus and don’t allow yourself to sleep when working
15. Give your eyes a rest
Take a short nap occasionally and allow your eyes to have some rest
16. Use sleep diaries
Using sleeping diaries is advised by many doctors
17. Fix a time to workout
Workout are great for tiring you out and helping you to sleep. Make time to exercise however busy you are
18. Consider implementing the 20 minutes rule
Twenty minute rule is going viral these days. Break tasks down into 20 minute chunks
19. Try alternative therapies
There are alternative therapies like acupuncture or massage. Try those too
20. Discuss things with your sleeping partner
Get help from your sleeping partner to craft a useable formula for you both
21. Don’t push yourself too much with routine
Routine is good to follow but never overdo things for the sake of achieving something.
22. Spend a healthy day to have a healthy night
Be busy in the day time so you can get good sleep during the night
23. Meditate and calm down
Meditation is a wonderful way to calm down your body and mind
24. Talk with your doctor
Get assistance from your doctor if in any sort of confusion regarding your sleeping habits
25. Breath deeper
Try to have some long deep breaths from time to time so your lungs can practice pumping properly
Now you know the top 25 natural tips to get a better sleep.
But, from the expert’s point of view, there is one more way and this can work even more efficiently…
Yes, that is using a sleep apnea therapy which involves a good CPAP machine. This can eventually help you to make your breathing regular and thus you can sleep like a baby whatever your age.
If you can harness all of the tips above in your everyday life, getting a good sleep will not remain a difficult task any more.
So, focus as much as you can and try to implement those tips gradually for maximum success.
What is insomnia?
Have you ever suffered from a difficulty in falling asleep or frequent night time awakenings? For most people, the answer is yes.
Insomnia (or sleep disturbance) is a common symptom with a prevalence rate of 30-40% in the general population. But a single episode of sleep disturbance is not a serious problem. The rate of significant insomnia disorder is only 5-10%.
So, what is insomnia and when should it be called clinically significant?
Here we will examine the causes and best treatment options.
Persistent problems falling asleep, maintaining sleep or poor quality of sleep for at least 3 days a week for one month is considered clinically significant insomnia. It is most commonly a symptom rather than a disease itself. It may be due to any specific underlying diseases or without any identifiable causes.
If insomnia is temporary, it is termed as acute insomnia.
When it’s persistent and mostly due a specific cause it is known as chronic insomnia.
It may also be classified as primary or secondary depending on the causes.
Your insomnia may be a result of wide range of factors. Here are some probable causes:
Causes of Primary insomnia:
Secondary or comorbid causes of insomnia
Several drugs may cause insomnia. As an example, antidepressants (MAOIs, SSRIs, venlafaxine or reboxetine); anti-Parkinsonian medication; bronchodilators (aminophylline, theophylline or pseudoephedrine); cardiovascular medication (β-blockers, clonidine, high-dose digoxin, verapamil); chemotherapy agents; corticosteroids/anabolic steroids; NSAIDs (high-dose); stimulants (dexamfetamine methylphenidate, amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine, nicotine); levothyroxine withdrawal/dependency (hypnotics, opiates, alcohol, or cannabis)
You will suffer from various problems if your sleep is affected…
Insomnia is a risk factor for developing depressive, anxiety and substance abuse disorders. Insomnia is associated with motor vehicle accidents, work absenteeism, and reduced quality of life.
There are effective treatments available for insomnia. In the case of secondary insomnia you need to receive treatment for the underlying disease first. For primary insomnia, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments are available. The best treatment for insomnia is non-pharmacological. If still the problem persists, your doctor will advise you some drugs.
There are several pointers you can follow to improve your quality of sleep. Try to follow the advice below.
The aim of CBT is to break the cycle of insomnia. Poor sleep quality leads to stress and makes you anxious about not being able to sleep. This, in turn, causes further tension and anxiety which makes your sleeping habits poorer and can lead to the development of dependency on sleeping pills… Then a worsening of insomnia and so the vicious cycle goes on. Contact a psychiatrist for proper advice regarding CBT.
Establish good sleep habits:
There are different groups of drugs available for insomnia.
This, though, is the last option only if non-drug treatment does not work for you. Contact your doctor and he will assess your conditions to exclude any secondary causes. If any underlying disease is present, it must be treated first.
The drugs available are benzodiazepines like clonazepam, diazepam, bromazepam as well as non-benzodiazepines like zolpidem, zopiclone or zopeplon. The drug most suitable for you will be selected by your doctor.
To conclude, insomnia may be a tiresome experience but it’s not incurable. If not properly treated, it may affect your daily life severely. Don’t panic as it will just worsen the problem.
Contact your doctor as soon as possible to choose the best treatment for your insomnia and lead a happy life.
Getting the best CPAP mask is crucial.
You need to be able to breathe comfortably and in a hygienic way.
There are a vast number of products on the market. This is why getting the best machine requires a deep knowledge of the contemporary market and the internal mechanisms so you are aware of how these masks generally work.
If you read CPAP mask reviews, you’ll be well aware of the many products offered by ResMed and Respironics.
Here are some CPAP masks that you might find useful…
ResMed and Respironics are the two giant names of the industry that produces CPAP masks and other accessories. You can get excellent products from either brand. Once you are prescribed to start taking CPAP therapy, it is safe to choose any one of the above mentioned masks. Just find out how they can improve your life and think about which one is best for you.
ResMed and Respironics are the two giant names of the industry that produces CPAP masks and other accessories. You can get excellent products from either brand.
Once you are prescribed to start taking CPAP therapy, it is safe to choose any one of the above mentioned masks. Just find out how they can improve your life and think about which one is best for you.